In the History of Mombasa Island, its founding is associated with two rulers: Mwana Mkisi (female) and Shehe Mvita. Shehe Mvita is remembered as a Muslim of great learning and so is connected more directly with the present ideals of Swahili culture that people identify with Mombasa Island.
As a coastal town, Mombasa Island is characterised by a flat topography. The town of Mombasa Kenya is centered on Mombasa Island, but extends to the mainland. The island is separated from the mainland by two creeks, Port Reitz in the south and Tudor Creek in the north.